Shenzhen Plans Massive New Bicycle Infrastructure & Expressways
15 Jan 2020
On January 13, the Shenzhen Municipal Transportation Bureau released the "Shenzhen Bicycle Transportation Development Planning Study (Consultation Draft)", revealing that Shenzhen will implement five major strategies to improve transportation and parking infrastructure for bicycles and improve safety for bicycle riders.
New options for bicycle traffic development in Shenzhen
Since 2016, bicycle traffic, driven by bike-sharing tech, has soared in Shenzhen yet the city's overall development of bicycle infrastructure has been slow to keep up.
The proportion of bicycle lanes in Shenzhen is much lower than that of Beijing and Shanghai
According to reports, the current bicycle sharing rate in Shenzhen is about 8%. In addition to bicycles, the city has a total of about 3.5 million electric two-wheelers (including 200,000 to 300,000 in takeaway, express delivery and other livelihood industries).
As of the end of 2018, Shenzhen had only 1,440 kilometers of bicycle lanes, accounting for 11.2% of road mileage (excluding high-speed expressways), which is far lower than cities such as Beijing (over 95%) and Shanghai (over 90%).
Shenzhen Bicycle Transportation Development Goals
The Draft for Proposals proposes that Shenzhen achieve a bicycle traffic sharing rate of more than 10% by 2025; increase the number of roads with bicycle lanes (except for expressways), with physically separated bicycle lanes, to more than 30%; increase the proportion of bicycle lanes to more than 30%; and increase to no less than 70% the number of bicycle parking spots within 50 meters of the entrances and exits of railway stations and the bus stations.
By 2035, the above figures will further increase to 15%, 50%, 50%, and 90%, respectively.
1: Door-to-door riding conditions
Give bicycles and other modes of transportation equal rights to roads, restore bicycle rights to local conditions, and gradually form a bicycle network system consisting of "main corridors + connecting passages + leisure trails"
- Improve the bicycle transportation planning system and fully protect the rights of bicycle roads;
- Construct a comprehensive bicycle connectivity network;
- Pilot projects first, and gradually promote the construction of bicycle network;
- Create a bicycle leisure path of “connecting mountains and seas, passing through the city and reaching parks” to meet diversified cycling needs such as fitness, tourism, and events.
By 2035, Shenzhen will form 6 bicycle expressways (independent new construction), and 12 main corridors (renovation on both sides of the road) to build a bicycle network totalling 393 kilometers.
2: Increase bicycle parking facilities
Construct a bicycle parking facility supply system consisting of “equipped parking lot + three-dimensional public parking lot + roadside parking spots” to meet the parking space requirements.
(I) Strengthen the construction of bicycle facilities
The bicycle parking lot will be constructed in combination with Xili Junction, Airport East Junction, Huanggang Port Junction, Qianhai Junction and other comprehensive transportation hubs, as well as multi-line interchange stations such as Qingshuihe, Caiwuwei and Dayun.
(II) Accelerate the construction of three-dimensional bicycle public parking lot according to local conditions
Focus on the existing railway stations, transportation stations, urban villages, major buildings, commercial areas and other places with large parking needs, dig potential land areas such as under overpasses, green belts, and building withdrawal spaces, and plan to build a batch of high-quality three-dimensional bicycle public parking.
In the draft, Shenzhen will also clarify the rules for bicycles at intersections and promote the construction of bicycle signal systems. Pilots on roads with large bicycle traffic; such as on Shennan Avenue, Nanshan Avenue, and Baoan Avenue are already being planned.
Comments and suggestions are being accepted from now until 24:00, February 13, 2020, via online messages, emails, and letters.. Details of the draft can be found at the official website of the Municipal Communications Bureau (http://jtys.sz.gov.cn).
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